How do you effectively monitor water wells to make sure you’re efficiently and safely using water pumps, pipes, level sensors, and flow meters?
That’s just what we’ll be talking about in this here story – Water Management Systems.
In the photos you’re seeing remote water monitoring systems deployed at water wells in California.
These water well monitoring systems automatically upload water sensor information to Tools.Valarm.net as often as you need it.
On Tools.Valarm.net, you, your teams, and your organization can map, graph, analyze, download, API forward, alert, and do anything else you need to do with your water monitoring systems.
What are Your Water Monitoring Systems made of?
Each of these water wells have the following 2 key sensors that are monitored in real-time with Tools.Valarm.net and Industrial IoT Web Dashboards:
- Flow Meters – Flowmeters made by companies like McCrometer that output a pulse every X number of gallons, measured by a PWM sensor adapter
- Water Level Sensors – Pressure transducers made by hardware manufacturers like In-Situ or Flowline that output 4-20 mA signals, which are translated into depths, in feet or meters, of water in the wells. Note that since Tools.Valarm.net is an open, flexible platform, your organization can also use ultrasonic, sonar, and other sensors made for wells that measure water levels, like sensors made by Senix and Eno Scientific.
Also inside of each of these water monitoring systems you’re seeing these hardware components:
- Morningstar solar charge controllers (Sun Savers) that manage system power. Your charge controllers receive power from your solar panels and charge your backup batteries while distributing power to the other remote monitoring pieces.
- Sensor hubs are the central brain units / CPUs that receive data from the sensor adapters and upload sensor measurements at regular time intervals, as often as you need, to Tools.Valarm.net. In these systems, you’re seeing 3G GSM sensor hubs that send sensor telemetry information via AT&T‘s mobile cell phone network. You can also use Ting, Verizon CDMA, T-Mobile, Ethernet, Ingenu, WiFi, or whichever internet connectivity makes the most sense for your monitoring network’s deployment locations.
- 4-20 mA sensor adapters read sensor measurements from pressure transducers / water level sensors. Note that some water level sensors output RS-232, 0-10V, or RS-485 sensor standard protocols, and that works just fine with Tools.Valarm.net as well.
- PWM sensor adapters count pulses output by flow meters. Each tick, spin, or pulse represents a real world quantity, like 1 gallon per pulse, which is what you’ll use to make sense of your sensor measurements on Tools.Valarm.net and your web dashboards.
- Volt sensors that monitor system health. These record system voltage and how much juice your batteries have. They’ll quickly tell you if you need to upgrade to bigger solar panels or batteries, or if your systems are experiencing cloudier days than you thought they would. They’ll also confirm when your battery is getting old and needs to be replaced – every couple years or so.
- Waterproof Cable Glands on each box allow wires and cables to come into the box from things like sensors and solar panels. Then the cable glands tighten down on the cable to protect the inside of the box from the elements, this weatherproofing keeps your precious monitoring systems running.
- The Antenna Bulkheads allows your systems to attach to external antennas, the white antenna-looking pieces you’re seeing in the photos. If you’re in an area where GSM cell network coverage is sparse, you’ll want to consider adding these. If your network coverage is solid then you won’t need these.
- In the bottom right of the boxes are your Sealed Lead Acid (SLA) Batteries connected to your solar charge controllers. These have a typical life span of a couple years.
- Voltage Regulators receive 12V power output by your solar charge controllers and convert it to 5V to power your sensor hubs, which then power your sensors.
- Note there’s also Room For Expansion where you can add more sensors and cable glands. Need to add temperature, weather, noise, methane, or other sensors? You’re already ready to go.
On your water well web dashboards (say that 1 10 times fast) you’ll see critical information about each of your water wells. You can click the name, map icon, location of any of your water well on your map to see more information:
- Safety and Health of your Headroom for your Pumps – Is it ok? Is your water level at a safe level above the water pump?
- Depth to Water
- Water Above Sensor
- Pump Rate – gallons per minute – How much fluid is flowing?
- Your Latest Measurements of Pump Head Room
- Totalizer – How many total gallons has your well pumped?
- Historical Graphing to show relationship of Depth to Water vs. Pump Rate – How’s your groundwater? What’s your aquifer recharge rate? Are your water levels recovering healthily?
You likely already see how these systems help our customers to save money and save time. Remote monitoring systems reduce the business costs of labor and man hours that can be spent on something better than driving hours back and forth to water wells to take sensor readings that can be done automatically.
- The external antennas and antenna bulkhead connectors are a real bonus that makes connectivity easier for you when monitoring systems are installed in remote areas. We’ve had good experiences in the field with Laird Tech external antennas.
- High quality solar charge controllers are much more reliable. We’ve experimented with various brands and recommend Morningstar for your monitoring systems.
- No more rats nests – our new, shorter micro USB to micro USB cables make the guts inside of the remote monitoring boxes look much cleaner and sleeker.
- Communicating, intently listening to, and working closely with our customers, helped us fine tune these water well dashboards to be simple, yet they quickly tell you the story you need to know, with factors like the legends, ranges, and colors custom designed to what makes the most sense for our customers.
What does Your Organization need to remotely monitor?
Whether you need to monitor water, noise, flood warning systems, structural health of bridges and infrastructure, levees, air quality gases like methane, or anything else, we’ll help you deploy effective monitoring systems.
Please don’t hesitate to get in touch at Info@Valarm.net